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Afghanistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a landlocked country in Asia.
Afghanistan is bordered by Pakistan to the east and south.
Iran to the west, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan to the north, and China to the northeast.


Country Name Afghanistan
Location Southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan, east of Iran
Map Reference : Asia

total: 652,230 sq km

land: 652,230 sq km

water: 0 sq km

Capital Kabul
Language Afghan Persian or Dari (official) 77% (Dari functions as the lingua franca), Pashto (official) 48%, Uzbek 11%, English 6%, Turkmen 3%, Urdu 3%, Pashayi 1%, Nuristani 1%, Arabic 1%, Balochi 1% (2017 est.)

note: data represent most widely spoken languages; shares sum to more than 100% because there is much bilingualism in the country and because respondents were allowed to select more than one language note: the Turkic languages Uzbek and Turkmen, as well as Balochi, Pashayi, Nuristani, and Pamiri are the third official languages in areas where the majority speaks them
Population 34,940,837 (July 2018 est.)
Ethnic Groups Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, other (includes smaller numbers of Baloch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, Pashai, and Kyrghyz) (2015)

note: current statistical data on the sensitive subject of ethnicity in Afghanistan are not available, and ethnicity data from small samples of respondents to opinion polls are not a reliable alternative; Afghanistan's 2004 constitution recognizes 14 ethnic groups: Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Baloch, Turkmen, Nuristani, Pamiri, Arab, Gujar, Brahui, Qizilbash, Aimaq, and Pashai
Religion Muslim 99.7% (Sunni 84.7 - 89.7%, Shia 10 - 15%), other 0.3%(2009 est.)
Climate arid to semiarid; cold winters and hot summers
Time Difference UTC+4.5 (9.5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)
Country Code 93
Internet Country Code .af
Currency Afghanis (AFA)





Afghanistan's economic freedom score is 51.5, making its economy the 152nd freest in the 2019 Index. Its overall score has increased by 0.2 point, with advances in labor freedom, property rights protection, and judicial effectiveness outpacing declines in business freedom and monetary freedom. Afghanistan is ranked 39th among 43 countries in the Asia–Pacific region, and its overall score is below the regional and world averages.

The improved availability of key economic data made it possible to grade Afghanistan's economic freedom for the first time in the 2017 Index. Its score in the 2019 Index reflects steady, incremental improvement in several economic freedom indicators. Over the past decade, economic growth has been volatile but rapid, with construction and agriculture the key contributors to economic expansion. Political uncertainty, corruption, and security challenges remain formidable, and the rule of law remains fragile and uneven across the country.


Former World Bank technocrat Ashraf Ghani became president of this mountainous and landlocked country in 2014 following an election marred by allegations of vote rigging.
After much political wrangling, President Ghani and former Foreign Minister Abdullah Abdullah formed a unity government with Abdullah as the newly created chief executive officer.
Timing of the scheduled 2019 presidential election will likely depend on progress in talks with the Taliban.
Afghanistan is heavily dependent on international military and economic assistance, which constituted an estimated 4 percent of GDP in 2016, and its living standards are among the lowest in the world.
Licit exports include table grapes and raisins, but the economy remains heavily dependent on illicit opium cultivation.
An ongoing insurgency and drought have hampered economic growth.

Foreign Investment

Ease of Doing Business

Afghanistan is ranked 167 among 190 economies in the ease of doing business, according to the latest World Bank annual ratings. The rank of Afghanistan improved to 167 in 2018 from 183 in 2017. Ease of Doing Business in Afghanistan averaged 171.27 from 2008 until 2018, reaching an all-time high of 183 in 2016 and a record low of 154 in 2010.

Foreigner Incorporation

Starting a Business

Legal form Private Limited Liability Company
Paid-in minimum capital requirement AFN 0
City Covered Kabul

No Procedures Time to Complete Associated Costs

APPLIES TO WOMEN ONLY : Obtain husband's approval to leave home

Agency : Domicile

1 day No Charge

Register the company and obtain Tax Identification Number (TIN)

Agency : Afghanistan Central Business Registry(ACBR) under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry

3 days No Charge
3 Pay fees for the business license, license's hard copy and publication of a notice of incorporation Agency: Bank Millie Afghan window at ACBR 1 day AFN 100 (business license fee) + AFN 500 (hard copy of the license) + AFN 2,000 (publication)

Obtain the business license

Agency: Afghanistan Central Business Registry (ACBR) under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry

3 days Included in procedure 3

File employment contracts with the Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs, Martyrs & Disabled

Agency : Ministry of Labor, Social Affairs, Martyrs & Disabled

1 day No charge

Source :

Tax system

Only Corporate Tax and Value Added Tax

Taxes Last Previous Highest Lowest Unit
Corporate Tax Rate 20.00 20.00 20.00 0.00 %
Personal Income Tax Rate 20.00 20.00 20.00 20.00 %
Sales Tax Rate 10.00 10.00 10.00 10.00 %

Source :

The Corporate Income tax rate is a tax collected from companies. Its amount is based on the net income companies obtain while exercising their business activity, normally during one business year.

The Personal Income Tax Rate is a tax collected from individuals and is imposed on different sources of income like labor, pensions, interest and dividends.

The Sales Tax Rate is a tax charged to consumers based on the purchase price of certain goods and services.

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